Sensation, Higher Mental Process, Beliefs and Value

Sensation can be defined as individual capacity to sense the world. Each and every motivated individual senses the world, interprets it, responds to it and reacts to the results of his own responses. Every individual has capacity to sense cold and hot pressure. But how he/she senses these things or in which way he sense these things affect his behavior. As for example, if an individual sense too cold, his behavior is wants of warmth cloths. Similarly inside the organization, now the employee sense the environment mould the behavior of the employee. Sensation has three factors to work. They are:
  • Stimulus 
  • Receptor
  • Nervous system
Stimulus are the inputs that are sensed and received by the receptor organ and transmitted to the nervous system for further processing to draw out the meaningful result.

Higher Mental Process
Higher mental process refers to cognitive process is another important factor causing individual behavior different. Higher mental process includes:
  • Thinking: The thinking process involves the existence of a problem, definition of the problem incorporating the arousal of relevant concept, and a consideration of relevance and verification. 
  • Problem solving: Problem solving is another activity done by human mind. After completing the thinking process, it tries to prepare the plan and strategy to solve the problem. For the effective solution of the problem needs the knowledge and experience.
  • Other aspects: Higher mental process also includes autistic thinking, day-dreaming, and pathological thinking along with the logical problem-solving process.
Belief is another important factor causing individual behavior different. Belief can be based on knowledge, opinion and faith. They are acquired from parents, teachers, peer and reference group member etc. It provides continuity to the personality of an individual. They assign meaning to his/her day-to-day perceptions and activities and serve in his/her attempted solution of varied goals. An individual's beliefs also exert a vital impact on his motivation in two ways.
  • He/she must believe that he is capable of performing the acts, which the organization expects of him/her. 
  • He/she must believe that performance of acts desired by the organization will have positive outcomes for him/her personally.
Values represent basic convictions of an individual as to what is right, good or desirable. They imply enduring conviction and carry moral flavor. There may be set of values which form a value system. This system represents an order of priority of individual values in relation to their relative significance. It can be ascertained by assessing the relative significance assigned by an individual to varied objects such as freedom, pleasure, self-respect, honesty, obedience and equality culture is a source of values. It contains as well as reinforces them. People learn to includes values from their parents, teachers, friends, media and all those whom they respect and thus to imitate them.

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