- In a situation of tight schedule constraint in the project, autocratic style may be desirable to meet deadlines. Crisis situations also need this style.
- In a situation of decentralized authority to professionals in the project, democratic style may be desirable to create a climate of cooperation and trust.
The role of a project manager also influences style. The various roles can be:
- Leadership Role: To direct and influence the project team.
- Balancing Role: To balance the needs of parent organization, stakeholders, customers, project and project team.
- Informational Role: To gather and disseminate information about the project and communicate it to stakeholders.
- Decisional Role: To make decisions about day-to-day project activities such as resource allocation, negotiation, disturbance handling etc.
The following skills are required for an effective project management to lead the project:
- Technical Skills: Ability to perform a specialized task or function. Expertise, however, is not needed.
- Management Skills: Ability to practice management concepts, tools and techniques. Ability to delegate to others.
- Human Relations Skills: Ability to get along with people and get the jobs done through people. Understanding relationships.
- Conceptual Skills: Ability to integrate diverse people into an effective team. Develop skills of others to lead in their own ares.
- Risk Management Skills: The project environment is full of surprises. The risk management skills are essential.