Public Administration, Public Policy Making and Policy Analysis

There is no such definition of public policy analysis which is accepted or agreed by all academicians or practitioners, research scholars and other concerned as public administration. So, it means there is no single definition of Public Policy Analysis (PPA), which covers the whole range of the study. The most appropriate way is to define the terms Public, Policy and Analysis separately so as to get the clear concept of PPA.

Good Governance

The concept of good governance came into use as an academic discussion in the late 1980s and early 1990s particularly during the Habital conference of UN, in Turkey in 1996. Accountable, predictable, responsible and legitimate governmental procedure demanding ‘clean state’ in the notion of good governance. It was firstly introduced by Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) for their investment in developing nations. They identified good governance as:
  1. Participation
  2. Democratization
Similarly, World Bank advocated good governance in sub-Saharan Africa by means of: 
  1. Participation 
  2. Accountability
  3. Democratization
  4. Efficiency and Effectiveness 
  5. Rule of Law
In Governing procedure, UNDP introduced its principles of good governance which are;

Future Trends and Implications of Public Administration

In the Stone Age society, people stayed much the same for thousands of years, in the middle age, for a few hundred years, in the industrial revolution for ten or twenty years. But today, it is seen significant changes in our society brought about by technological advancement, social alternations, economic influences and political pressures. Since change is inevitable, change may assume a variety of forms, each with its unique problems. The new organizations of post-industrial society will be temporary which will emerged adoptive, rapidly changing, ad-hoc structure manned by members of techno-structure who owe allegiance not to the company but to the professional association. We find mob-centric managers who is in tune with high mobility between organizations to organizations. Change itself is a fact of life but it may be difficult to or edict its direction and intensity (depth) besides, there are too many forces at work to enable us to make prediction that the major changes going on in our society and then attempt to interpret with the knowledge that this is surely a many endeavor.

Participative Management in Public Administration

Rensis Likert is an American Social Psychologist born in 1903 and obtained PhD. in 1932 from Columbia University. Likert believed that the body of knowledge of social science could pave the way to frame a generalized theory of organization and management. He raised a question that why do some managers get better results than others? What do effective managers do that waste time, money foolishly that was dissipative manager do not? How can we measure effectiveness of manager? etc. Likert classifies supervisors in two categories.
  1. Job Centered
  2. Employee Centered