Project Control System

We know that a project is a unique group of activities designed to attain specific objectives within the constraints of time, cost and quality performance.

Control is the continuous process of measuring, evaluating and correcting actual performance to achieve planned performance. It uses data supplied by monitoring and evaluation.

Project control system consists of setting standards of performance in terms of time, cost and quality; measuring actual project implementation performance; find and analyzing deviations between standards and actual performance; and taking corrective actions to achieve project objectives. Generally it is done at the activity level of the project. It is the process of overseeing the implementation of project plan.

Prequisites of Control System
  1. Planning: Control is not possible without planning. Planning provides targets or standards for control. Standards are the starting point of control. They can be in terms of time, cost, quality and performance. They should be measurable, attainable, time bound and understandable.
    • Planning and control are interrelated.
  2. Information System: Control is based on feedback of performance information. An effective information system is an essential requirement of control. Information system is based on the internal reporting system of the organization and other sources. Projects should have Project Management Information System.
  3. Organization Structure: Control requires a structure. The authority-responsibility relationships should be clearly defined to collect performance information, compare actual results with standards, identify deviations, and suggest corrective actions.
    • A team can be used for control purposes.
  4. Flexibility: The control system should be flexible. It should be capable of adjusting to environment changes.
  5. Participation: All the members of the control team should take part in the control process. It should be based on participatory approach.
  6. Timeliness: The reporting and feedback for control should be on time. If the information is not received at the right time, the control action will be ineffective. There is no point in "bringing a doctor after the death".
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