Format of a research report

A research report is simply a statement or description of things that have done during the process of research. In the last stage of research, researcher write report about the research which is known as research research report. The output of the research is a research report.

There is no fixed format of a research report. It differs from person to person and nature of the research. A format of research report includes the contents of research report. General format of a research report be describe as below:
  1. Preliminaries
  2. The main body or the text
  3. The end section/ reference material
1. Preliminaries
Before writing the body of the research some few pages of preliminary materials are included in the research report. It consists of the following parts:
  • Title page
  • Acceptance page
  • Acknowledgement page
  • Table of contents
  • List of tables
  • List of figures
2. The main body or the text
It is the main part of the research report. This part should be written with proper care and seriousness. The main body of the research report includes
  • Introduction
  • Review of literature
  • Methodology
  • Presentation of the data
  • Conclusions and recommendation
 Each part should be started in a new page
Introduction
This is the first chapter of research report. It includes the brief discussion of the subject matter of the study. In this chapter, we include purpose of the study, the problem, the theoretical framework, the variables under the study, research hypothesis, assumption made under the study, the definition of the terms used in the study.

Review of Literature
This chapter includes the significance and justification for the present study, the scope of the study, conceptual framework, what type of study had been made in past in same area, what type of conclusion are found in the past under the same type of study.

Methodology
  • Research design
  • Sampling procedure
  • The data gathering procedure
  • Statistical procedure
  • Data processing procedure
  • Pilot study
  • Limitation of the study
Presentation of the data
This chapter is the heart of the research report. Organized presentation of results and each major division of the problem should be presented in separate chapter. This chapter includes presentation of the arguments, documentation, ideas or concepts, interpretation and findings. Descriptive analysis, correlation analysis and inferential analysis should be included in this report.

Conclusions and recommendation
This is the end part of the main body. It consists summary, conclusions, suggestions and recommendations. Conclusion of the research activities should be written in this chapter. Suggestions for further research should be also included in this chapter.

3. The end section/ reference materials
This is the end part of the research report. It includes
  •  Bibliography
  • Appendix
  • Vita
Bibliography
The bibliography also called references must include in the report. In this part all published and unpublished concerned reading materials mentioned in text of footnotes, while preparing report should be mentioned.

Appendix
It is used for additional or supplementary materials, which has not included in the main text. Appendix includes complex tables, original data schedules, questionnaire, statistical tests etc.

Vita
In this section brief biographical resume of the researcher should be included. In this section, following information should be included.
  • Name of the researcher
  • Date of birth
  • Address
  • Educational qualification
  • Trainings
  • Experiences

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